You survived the worst note-taking day of the year! If you missed class, get notes from someone. It was a lot to remember and learn. Here are the definitions I had on the PowerPoint:

Marxist Socialism

  • a political theory advocating state ownership of industry
  • an economic system based on state ownership of capital
  • a non-market economy in which government intervention is important in allocating goods and resources and determining prices

Nationalism

1: loyalty and devotion to a nation; especially : a sense of national consciousness exalting one nation above all others and placing primary emphasis on promotion of its culture and interests as opposed to those of other nations. Intense nationalism was one of the causes of the war.2: a nationalist movement or government

Fascism

A fascist government is supreme, and all institutions must conform to the will of the ruling authority (authoritarianism).
Countries moved to total mobilization and only one class of people, united by race.
It focuses on military and war to respond to crises.

Fascism uses a dictator to run a military-based government. Its goal is national unity and a stable society, maintained through war and imperialism. Fascists value country self-sufficiency and regulating the economy and a positive outlook of war.

Moreover, opposition is not tolerated: the ultimate goal of a fascist country is to rule the world and spread the “superior ideology” everywhere.

Socialism and fascism have important features in common.

  • They are both strong ideology
  • They both imply strong governmental involvement in economic and social life
  • They both have the power to create strong social movements
  • They both oppose free market
  • They both need a strong governmental apparatus and a strong leader

Differences between Socialism and Fascism

In the case of socialism, masses mobilize and support the idea of equal development, equal share of wealth, social equality, enhancement of the community, and collective values. Socialism unites masses under the umbrella of equality, not supremacy.

In the case of fascism, masses mobilize for the achievement of national and racial supremacy over all other countries, over all other minorities, and over all other nations. The idea of equality is alien to the fascism paradigm, while the concept of superiority is pivotal.

Here are the links to the two video clips I showed in class. Can’t wait to discuss WWII with you next week!

https://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/pearl-harbor/videos